The United States Supreme Court suspended Obama clean power plan-plants war

The United States Supreme Court ruled to suspend the implementation of clean power plan Obama original title: the United States Supreme Court ruled to suspend the implementation of clean electricity plan Legal Daily reporter Chen Xiaofang in the United States recently, the United States Supreme Court ruled to suspend the implementation of clean power plan of the Obama administration. Public opinion here, the United States Supreme Court ruling on the clean power plan is extraordinary, reflecting the 9 Supreme Court justices have obvious differences in climate change policy. The Supreme Court ruled that not only will make this policy can be implemented as a problem in the Obama years, but will also allow the government to make Obama in the international emission reduction commitment can be fulfilled by questioning. Unconventional interventions highlight divergence, and American power plants are the main source of greenhouse gas emissions in the United states. Therefore, the clean power plan is considered to be the core policy of the Obama administration to deal with climate change. It was reported that the Obama administration put forward a clean power plan in August last year. This plan to reduce emissions standards for each state in the United States, and requires States to establish the corresponding implementation plan, if the smooth implementation of the plan will enable the United States to power plant emissions reduced by 32%. However, 29 states and some companies in the United States subsequently filed a lawsuit to stop the plan. They alleged that the plan violated the rights of the states. In January, an appeals court in Washington, D.C., refused to rule on the lawsuit. Public opinion, in this case the defendant to the United States before the Supreme Court, the Supreme Court to intervene is very unusual, especially in the capital region of the United States Court of appeal has planned to hold the court debate in June this year. Moreover, according to the clean electricity plan, neither the business nor the local government needs to implement the plan at least for two years. In this case, the Supreme Court of the United States intervention showed that at least 5 Supreme Court justices have different opinions on the plan, and a party factors obviously, the 4 Democratic presidential nomination unanimously opposed the ruling. Republicans disappointed in Washington welcomed the ruling of the Supreme Court, and the Obama Administration expressed dissatisfaction. The White House spokesman Ernest said, clean power plan has a solid legal and technical basis, and given the state time and flexibility to formulate appropriate, cost-effective plan, in order to reduce carbon emissions. Obama also said in February 11th that the Supreme Court’s ruling was not normal. He said he believed the clean power plan was legal. He also encouraged supporters to say, "don’t be disappointed because the Supreme Court halted the clean power plan.". He said the so-called Supreme Court has broken the clean power plan, "not so, so don’t be disappointed.". The court ruling just said that it would be suspended until we reviewed its legitimacy. We firmly believe that it is legal". Republicans who have been opposed to emission reduction have welcomed the Supreme Court’s ruling. As early as last December Paris climate conference, the U.S. House of Representatives voted on the day of Obama’s speech to stop the implementation of the clean power plan. Speaker, Ruian means Yi

美国最高法院裁定暂停执行奥巴马清洁电力计划   原标题:美最高法院裁定暂停执行清洁电力计划   法制日报驻美国记者 陈小方   近日,美国联邦最高法院作出裁定,暂停执行奥巴马政府的清洁电力计划。   此间舆论认为,美国最高法院此次对清洁电力计划的裁决是超乎寻常的,反映出最高法院9名大法官在气候变化政策上存在着明显的分歧。   最高法院的裁定,不仅将使这一政策能否在奥巴马任内开始实施成为一个问题,而且也将使奥巴马政府在国际上做出的减排承诺能否兑现受到质疑。   超常规介入凸显分歧   美国的发电厂是美国温室效应气体排放的最主要来源。因此,清洁电力计划被认为是奥巴马政府应对气候变化的核心政策。   据报道,奥巴马政府在去年8月提出了清洁电力计划。该计划为美国的各个州制定了减排标准,并要求各州制定相应的实施计划,如果计划顺利实施将使美国发电厂的碳排放减少32%。但是,美国29个州和一些企业随后联合提出诉讼,以图阻止这一计划的执行。他们指称,该计划侵犯了各州的权利。今年1月,美国首都华盛顿地区的一家上诉法院拒绝就这一诉讼作出裁决。   舆论认为,在这起诉讼被诉到美国最高法院之前,最高法院就主动介入是极不寻常的,特别是美国首都地区的上诉法院已计划在今年6月举行法庭辩论。而且,按照清洁电力计划,无论是企业界还是地方州政府,至少在两年内并不需要执行该计划。在这种情况下,美国最高法院的介入表明,至少有5名最高法院的大法官对该计划有不同意见,且有着明显的党派因素,4名民主党总统任命的大法官都一致反对这一裁决。   华府失望共和党欢迎   对于最高法院的裁定,奥巴马政府表示不满。白宫发言人欧内斯特表示,清洁电力计划有着坚实的法律和技术基础,并给予了州政府时间和灵活性,以制定适宜的、成本合算的计划,以减少碳排放。   奥巴马2月11日也表示,美国最高法院的裁定是不正常的。他说,他相信清洁电力计划是合法的。他同时还给支持者打气说,不要因为最高法院叫停了清洁电力计划就感到失望。他说,所谓最高法院已经打垮了清洁电力计划,“不是这样的,因此,不要失望。这个法院裁定只是说,在我们审查其合法性之前,暂停执行。我们坚信其是合法的”。   一直反对减排的共和党,则对最高法院的裁定表示欢迎。早在去年12月巴黎气候会议期间,美国国会众议院就在奥巴马讲话的当天举行投票,以阻止清洁电力计划的实施。议长瑞安表示,清洁电力计划的规定是“非法的”,应该“永久废止”。参加2016年大选的共和党总统候选人,也不时对奥巴马政府的气候变化政策提出批评。   减排承诺将受到影响   美国最高法院作出裁定后,此间舆论认为,最高法院的裁决将对奥巴马政府减少碳排放的计划产生严重影响。   按照清洁电力计划,各州应在今年9月提交实现减排目标的具体计划,“现在看来,这个时间表已经不可能实现”。在奥巴马明年1月正式离任之前,有关清洁电力计划的法律障碍能否完全清除,也还是一个未知数。   此外,清洁电力计划还可能遭到更大的挫折,即被最高法院裁定无效,如果是这样,美国在巴黎的联合国气候大会上所作的承诺将可能无法兑现。   虽然美国的一些地方政府也有减排计划,但不足以替代清洁电力计划。纽约大学法学院政策研究所主任理查德·里夫斯表示,地方的计划虽然重要,但在这个时候是远远不够的,这就是为什么清洁电力计划在气候变化政策中是如此的重要。   舆论认为,即使最高法院裁定清洁电力计划不合法,美国电力领域近年来的变化已不太可能使美在能源使用上走回头路。有关数字显示,2015年是美国电力构成发生“转变性”变化的一年,利用煤发电仅占34%,而在2005年这一数字为50%;去年的再生能源发电占20%,较2008年增加了57%,2016年还有望增加9.5%。 责任编辑:李天奕相关的主题文章: